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刘明,王小波,赵增立,李海滨.熔融盐-镍协同催化生物质热解制取富氢气体[J].农业工程学报,2018,34(19):232-238.DOI:10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.19.030
熔融盐-镍协同催化生物质热解制取富氢气体
投稿时间:2018-04-05  修订日期:2018-08-22
中文关键词:  生物质  热解  氢气  熔融盐  
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51506208)
作者单位
刘明 1. 中国科学院广州能源研究所广州 5106402. 中国科学技术大学纳米科学技术学院苏州 2151233. 中国科学院可再生能源重点实验室广州 510640 
王小波 1. 中国科学院广州能源研究所广州 5106403. 中国科学院可再生能源重点实验室广州 510640 
赵增立 1. 中国科学院广州能源研究所广州 5106403. 中国科学院可再生能源重点实验室广州 510640 
李海滨 1. 中国科学院广州能源研究所广州 5106403. 中国科学院可再生能源重点实验室广州 510640 
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中文摘要:在固定床反应器中研究了(Na2CO3-NaOH)熔融盐和镍对生物质三组分纤维素、半纤维素和木质素热解制氢的影响。结果表明,熔融盐中的氢氧化钠能吸收三组分热解产气中CO2,从而有利于合成气中的CO转化成H2。熔融盐含有的碱金属Na+和OH-分别能促进半纤维素与纤维素、木质素的热解,木质素热解产氢量最高可达到1?148?mL/g,H2体积分数达到90.7%。熔融盐-镍协同作用时可以降低三组分产气中CH4含量,与单独添加熔融盐相比,纤维素、半纤维素和木质素的CH4产量分别下降35.0%、24.5%和12.0%。在熔融盐-镍的存在下,纤维素、半纤维素和木质素的最高产氢量分别达到910、714和1 106 mL/g,H2体积分数分别为77.6%,77.8%和91.6%。
Liu Ming,Wang Xiaobo,Zhao Zengli,Li Haibin.Synergistic catalytic pyrolysis of biomass using molten salts and nickel for hydrogen-rich syngas[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE),2018,34(19):232-238.DOI:10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.19.030
Synergistic catalytic pyrolysis of biomass using molten salts and nickel for hydrogen-rich syngas
Author NameAffiliation
Liu Ming 1. Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, CAS, Guangzhou 510640, China
2. Nano Science and Technology Institute, University of Science and Technology of China, Suzhou 215123, China
3. Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy, Chinese Academy of Science, Guangzhou 510640, China 
Wang Xiaobo 1. Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, CAS, Guangzhou 510640, China
3. Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy, Chinese Academy of Science, Guangzhou 510640, China 
Zhao Zengli 1. Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, CAS, Guangzhou 510640, China
3. Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy, Chinese Academy of Science, Guangzhou 510640, China 
Li Haibin 1. Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, CAS, Guangzhou 510640, China
3. Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy, Chinese Academy of Science, Guangzhou 510640, China 
Key words:biomass  pyrolysis  hydrogen  molten salt  nickel
Abstract: The effects of Na2CO3-NaOH molten salts and nickel on the pyrolysis of 3 components of biomass, i.e. cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, were studied in the thermogravimetric (TG) analyzer and fixed bed reactor. In the TG experiment, the addition of molten salt makes the peak of cellulose TG curve appear ahead of the TG curve of cellulose without catalyst. The corresponding differential thermogravimetric (DTG) curve has 2 separation peaks, while there is only one peak appearing in the DTG curve of cellulose without catalyst. In DTG curve of hemicellulose, compared with the hemicellulose pyrolysis alone, the temperature corresponding to the maximum pyrolysis rate of the peak is decreased by 82 ℃ after adding molten salt. As for lignin, the DTG and TG curve with catalyst basically coincide with that without catalyst, indicating that the low dose addition of molten salt and nickel had little effect on the pyrolysis of lignin. The results of fixed-bed experiment show that the molten salt can effectively absorb CO2, which promote the increase of H2 and the reduction of CO simultaneously in water-gas shift reaction. In the process of catalytic cellulose pyrolysis, the OH- contained in molten salt motivates the rearrangement of the ring-opening products of cellulose monomer at relatively low temperature, and the rearrangement products are easily decomposed, thus leading to an acceleration of cellulose decomposition. The Na+ contained in molten salt can react with phenolic hydroxyl groups in lignin structural units and decrease activation energy of ring-opening reaction of hemicellulose monomer, resulting in an easy decomposition of both lignin and hemicellulose. Under the optimum conditions, the amount of hydrogen produced by cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin can reach 913, 738 and 1 148 mL/g, respectively, and the content of H2 can reach 85.6%, 78.2% and 90.7%, respectively. The CH4 content can be reduced by the synergistic effect of molten salt and nickel, under which the CH4 yields of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin are decreased by 35.0%, 24.5% and 12.0%, respectively compared with the single addition of molten salt. The synergistic effect of molten salt and nickel can effectively reduce the content of CO, CO2 and CH4 in syngas, which is beneficial to the pyrolysis of biomass to produce hydrogen-rich gas. Under the optimum conditions, the contents of CO, CO2 and CH4 in the lignin are only 0.5%, 0.4% and 5.9%, respectively. Meanwhile, in the presence of molten salt and nickel, the maximum hydrogen yields of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin reach 910, 714 and 1 106 mL/g, respectively, and the contents of H2 are 77.6%, 77.8% and 91.6%, respectively. From 700 to 900 ℃, with the increase of temperature, the reaction of residual carbon and H2O, CO is promoted, so high temperature is conducive to the conversion of residual carbon. At the same time, CH4 production tends to decrease with the increase of temperature, because CH4 is easily decomposed at high temperatures. It can be seen that high temperature is conducive to the production of H2 and CO, and promotes the cracking of CH4, which is in favor of biomass pyrolysis to produce hydrogen-rich gases.
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