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王丹,方斌,陈正富.基于辐射模型及潜力模型划分城乡地域功能的土地整治模式[J].农业工程学报,2018,34(13):270-278.DOI:10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.13.033
基于辐射模型及潜力模型划分城乡地域功能的土地整治模式
投稿时间:2018-02-06  修订日期:2018-06-07
中文关键词:  土地利用  模型  土地整治  城乡地域功能区  辐射模型  潜力模型  空间转型  人口转型  扬州市
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41671174);江苏省"青蓝工程"优秀青年骨干教师资助课题(苏教师﹝2016﹞15号);"江苏省高等院校专业带头人高端研修资助项目"(2016TDFX014);江苏省国土资源厅科技项目(KJXM2015010)
作者单位
王丹 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院南京 210023
2. 扬州市职业大学资源与环境工程学院扬州 225009
 
方斌 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院南京 210023
 
陈正富 3. 江苏易图地理信息科技股份有限公司扬州 225009
 
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中文摘要:乡村振兴战略背景下,土地整治应与城乡地域功能紧密结合,因地制宜,从耕地增加单目标工程转型为"三生"空间重塑和人口结构优化的系统工具。该研究以扬州市41个镇(街道)619个行政村(社区)为例,通过辐射模型和潜力模型进行城乡地域功能划分,在此基础上构建不同转型目标的土地整治分区,由此将土地整治空间从乡村地域拓展为城乡全域、整治过程从空间重构拓展为人地关系重构。结果表明:1)扬州市区可划分为城镇核心功能区、城镇功能拓展区、中心村功能区、生态农业区4类地域功能区,分别占研究区总面积的7.76%、27.62%、6.55%、58.07%;2)根据功能区设定,将扬州市区土地整治区划分为都市拓展区、镇区拓展区、中心村、生态农业区,分别分布于沿江平原、交通轴线沿线、生态农业区中心地带、宁镇扬丘陵区与里下河平原区;3)都市拓展区空间目标在于重塑"工业生产+生活+公共服务"空间,人口转型目标在于实现兼业生产者向城市型生产者转型;镇区拓展区空间目标与都市拓展区类似,人口转型目标在于实现农业生产者向兼业生产者转型;中心村土地整治区空间目标在于重塑"生活+公共服务"空间,人口转型目标在于实现兼业生产者要素整合能力的提升;生态农业区空间目标在于重塑"生态+农业生产"空间,人口转型目标在于实现兼业生产者向高素质农业生产者的转型。
Wang Dan,Fang Bin,Chen Zhengfu.Land consolidation mode based on radiation model and potential model for dividing urban and rural zone functions[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE),2018,34(13):270-278.DOI:10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.13.033
Land consolidation mode based on radiation model and potential model for dividing urban and rural zone functions
Author NameAffiliation
Wang Dan 1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
2. Department of Resource & Environment Engineering, Yangzhou Polytechnic College, Yangzhou 225009, China
 
Fang Bin 1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
 
Chen Zhengfu 3. Jiangsu E-Map Geographic Information Engineering Co. Ltd., Yangzhou 225009, China
 
Key words:land use  models  land consolidation  urban and rural regional zones  radiation model  potential model  spatial transformation  population transformation  Yangzhou
Abstract:Land consolidation based on local condition and regional functions of rural and urban areas needs to be integrated under the “Rural Revitalization Strategy”. This integration requires land consolidation to transfer from a single-target project to a tool for reshaping “Production-Living-Ecology” and optimizing population structure. This study used 619 villages of Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province as an example to extend the land consolidation space from rural areas to combined rural and urban areas, and to replace the space reconstruction with reconstructing the human-land relationship during the land consolidation process. The urban and rural areas of Yangzhou were firstly assigned to different functions using the radiation and potential models. According to these functions, the areas were then divided into land regulation zones featured with different transformation targets. The results showed that: 1) The 619 villages were divided into 4 functional zones: the urban core zone, the urban expansion zone, the central village zone, and the ecological-agricultural zone, which accounted for 7.76%, 27.62%, 6.55% and 58.07% of the study area, respectively. Therefore, taking the village (community) as the unit, Yangzhou could be divided into the urban core area, the urban expansion area, the central village area and the ecological-agricultural area. 2) 4 land regulation zones were generated, and the urban expansion zone was located in the Yangtze River Plain, the town expansion zone was distributed along traffic arteries, the central villages were clustered in the core of ecological-agricultural area, and the ecological agriculture zone was scattered in the Nanjing-Zhenjiang-Yangzhou hilly area and Lixiahe Plain. According to the zoning setting, the land consolidation area of Yangzhou was divided into the 4 zones. Therefore, the land consolidation space was expanded from the rural area to the total urban and rural area, the land consolidation process was transformed from the space reconstruction to the human-land relationship reconstruction, and the land consolidation of spatial relations was transformed from the functional fragmentation to the organic integration. 3) The land consolidation goal of urban and town expansion area is reshaping the space of industrial production + living + public service, while the land consolidation goal of the central village area is reshaping the space of living + public service, and ecological-agricultural area is reshaping the space of ecology + agricultural production. 4) The measures to deal with demographic transition in the 4 land regulation zones are achieving the transition of the concurrent producers to the urban producers, achieving the transition of the agricultural producers to the concurrent producers, achieving the enhancement of the ability of the concurrent producer integrating elements, and achieving the transition of the concurrent producers to the high-quality agricultural producers, respectively.
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