首页 | 简介 | 作者 | 编者 | 读者 | Ei(光盘版)收录本刊数据 | 网络预印版 | 点击排行前100篇 | English
马月虹,李保明,张家发,张耀文.北疆麦壳砂浆砌块填充蓄热材料复合墙体日光温室热性能[J].农业工程学报,2018,34(13):233-238.DOI:10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.13.028
北疆麦壳砂浆砌块填充蓄热材料复合墙体日光温室热性能
投稿时间:2017-11-20  修订日期:2018-04-20
中文关键词:  温室  墙体  温度  热性能  麦壳砂浆砌块  抗压强度  导热系数
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51768072)
作者单位
马月虹 1. 中国农业大学水利与土木工程学院农业农村部设施农业工程重点实验室北京 100083
2. 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所乌鲁木齐 830091
 
李保明 1. 中国农业大学水利与土木工程学院农业农村部设施农业工程重点实验室北京 100083
 
张家发 1. 中国农业大学水利与土木工程学院农业农村部设施农业工程重点实验室北京 100083
 
张耀文 2. 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所乌鲁木齐 830091
 
摘要点击次数: 342
全文下载次数: 93
中文摘要:针对新疆戈壁沙漠区日光温室在冬季严寒条件下,传统墙体在夜间难以满足作物生长对热环境需求的问题,该文研究新型的保温蓄热墙体材料和结构。将墙体主体结构采用麦壳砂浆砌块,砌块中间空格填充蓄热材料,对麦壳砂浆砌块进行配比试验和性能测试,筛选出抗压强度、导热性能较优的砌块建造温室墙体,把麦壳砂浆砌块+红砖复合墙体日光温室和37 cm砖混墙体日光温室进行热性能对比试验,并种植番茄验证。试验结果表明:在相同外界环境下,室外最低温?20.8 ℃时,麦壳砂浆砌块复合墙体日光温室内温度为7.5 ℃,而砖混墙体日光温室内温度为3.2 ℃,砌块复合墙体日光温室内夜间出现最低室温时间较砖混墙体日光温室延迟42 min;相同条件下砌块复合墙体日光温室栽培的番茄收获期早16 d,单棚产量高18.4%,验证了砌块复合墙体日光温室的保温蓄热性能优于砖混墙体日光温室,且满足果蔬生长对热环境需求。该文提出的适应戈壁沙漠区日光温室麦壳砂浆砌块复合墙体及构造条件,为新型复合墙体在日光温室中的应用研究、设计提供理论参考。
Ma Yuehong,Li Baoming,Zhang Jiafa,Zhang Yaowen.Thermal performance of solar greenhouse with composite wall using wheat shell-mortar block filling with heat storage material in north Xinjiang[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE),2018,34(13):233-238.DOI:10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.13.028
Thermal performance of solar greenhouse with composite wall using wheat shell-mortar block filling with heat storage material in north Xinjiang
Author NameAffiliation
Ma Yuehong 1. College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083
2. Institute of Agricultural Mechanization Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, 830091 
Li Baoming 1. College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083
 
Zhang Jiafa 1. College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083
 
Zhang Yaowen 2. Institute of Agricultural Mechanization Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, 830091 
Key words:greenhouse  walls  temperature  thermal performance  wheat shell-mortar block  compressive strength  thermal conductivity
Abstract:The greenhouse in the Gobi Desert region of Xinjiang is under severe conditions in winter. The problem is that the traditional wall can not meet the demand of thermal environment for crop growth at night. The main structure of the wall is made of wheat shell and mortar block. The main factors affecting the compressive strength and thermal conductivity of the block are cement content, binder content and wheat shell content. Three-element and three-level orthogonal test is designed to determine the ratio of wheat shell to mortar block. Finally, it is determined that the reasonable level is 35% cement, 4% adhesive, 2.5% wheat shell, fine sand and moderate amount of water. The wheat shell-mortar block sample was prepared and the tests of compressive strength and thermal conductivity were carried out. Solar greenhouse was built with composite wall of wheat shell-mortar block and filling material. A solar greenhouse was 37 cm ordinary brick wall together with 10 cm benzene panel. Each greenhouse has 24 measuring points, and the mean temperature and ground temperature were measured. The thermal insulation and heat storage performance of 2 kinds of solar greenhouses with different walls at winter night were compared, and the middle space of the block was filled with slag and quicklime which both have small thermal conductivity and are stable. The data in the coldest 8 days from January 14 to January 21, 2017 were selected as the comparative study object. The results show that: In the same external environment, when the minimum temperature at winter night is -12.8 ℃, the indoor temperature of wheat shell-mortar block composite wall is 9.5 ℃, while the temperature of brick wall in solar greenhouse is 4.4 ℃. The temperature of the greenhouse of compound wall is 5.1 ℃ higher than that of brick wall. When the temperature at winter night is -20.8 ℃, the indoor temperature of wheat shell-mortar block composite wall is 7.5 ℃, while the temperature of brick wall in solar greenhouse is 3.2 ℃. The temperature of the greenhouse of compound wall is 4.3 ℃ higher than that of brick wall. The minimum room temperature at night in the solar greenhouse of masonry compound wall occurs 42 min later than normal brick masonry wall. For the tomato planted under the same conditions in 2 kinds of wall greenhouses, the flowering time of tomato in compound wall greenhouse is 7 d earlier, and the harvest time of tomato was 16 d earlier. The tomato yield during the first month in composite wall solar greenhouse is 1 768 kg, and the yield in brick wall solar greenhouse is 1 493 kg. The yield of single shed in composite wall solar greenhouse is increased by 18.4%. It is verified that the thermal insulation and heat storage performance of the composite wall solar greenhouse with wheat shell-mortar block and filling material are obviously superior to brick wall solar greenhouse. It can accumulate more heat energy and the rate of heat dissipation is stable. The compound wall solar greenhouse can effectively improve the growing environment of crops in the greenhouse, which meets the growth requirement of the fruits and vegetables for good temperature and good light. And it is suitable for the accumulation of dry matter in fruits and vegetables, so crops can be harvested in advance and production increases. The research provides a theoretical reference for the design and application of mortar block composite wall in solar greenhouse
查看全文   下载PDF阅读器

京ICP备06025802号-3

主办单位:中国农业工程学会 单位地址:北京朝阳区麦子店街41号

服务热线:010-59197076、59197077 传真: 邮编:100125 Email:tcsae@tcsae.org
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计

京公网安备 11010502031390号