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李占勇,刘建波,徐庆,史亚彭.低压过热蒸汽干燥青萝卜片的逆转点温度研究[J].农业工程学报,2018,34(1):279-286.DOI:10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.01.038
低压过热蒸汽干燥青萝卜片的逆转点温度研究
投稿时间:2017-10-12  修订日期:2017-12-15
中文关键词:  真空干燥  温度  维生素  低压过热蒸汽干燥  青萝卜片
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划项目(2015BAD19B02)资助
作者单位
李占勇 天津市轻工与食品工程机械装备集成设计与在线监控重点实验室天津科技大学机械工程学院天津 300222 
刘建波 天津市轻工与食品工程机械装备集成设计与在线监控重点实验室天津科技大学机械工程学院天津 300222 
徐庆 天津市轻工与食品工程机械装备集成设计与在线监控重点实验室天津科技大学机械工程学院天津 300222 
史亚彭 天津市轻工与食品工程机械装备集成设计与在线监控重点实验室天津科技大学机械工程学院天津 300222 
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中文摘要:低压过热蒸汽干燥与其他传统干燥方法相比,能够较好地保留果蔬类物料中的营养成分,但只有当干燥温度超过逆转点温度时,过热蒸汽干燥才具有干燥效率优势。为了研究果蔬类物料在低压过热蒸汽干燥过程中是否存在逆转点温度,本文以青萝卜为试验物料,分别基于第一降速干燥阶段与整个干燥阶段平均干燥速率,对其低压过热蒸汽干燥过程逆转点温度进行求解。研究结果表明:基于上述2种计算方式,青萝卜片在低压过热蒸汽干燥过程中都存在逆转点温度。在干燥压力为0.009 5 MPa时,基于整个干燥阶段与第一降速干燥阶段计算的逆转点温度分别为92.7 ℃和86.1 ℃,当干燥温度为100 ℃时(逆转点温度以上),低压过热蒸汽与真空干燥的青萝卜片中维生素C的保留率分别为35.13%和33.29%。低压过热蒸汽干燥在逆转点温度以上不仅干燥效率要高于真空干燥,而且青萝卜片中维生素C的保留率也高于真空干燥。
Li Zhanyong,Liu Jianbo,Xu Qing,Shi Yapeng.Study on inversion temperature in low pressure superheated steam drying of green turnip slice[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE),2018,34(1):279-286.DOI:10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.01.038
Study on inversion temperature in low pressure superheated steam drying of green turnip slice
Author NameAffiliation
Li Zhanyong Tianjin Key Laboratory of Integrated Design and On-line Monitoring for Light Industry & Food Machinery and Equipment, College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China 
Liu Jianbo Tianjin Key Laboratory of Integrated Design and On-line Monitoring for Light Industry & Food Machinery and Equipment, College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China 
Xu Qing Tianjin Key Laboratory of Integrated Design and On-line Monitoring for Light Industry & Food Machinery and Equipment, College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China 
Shi Yapeng Tianjin Key Laboratory of Integrated Design and On-line Monitoring for Light Industry & Food Machinery and Equipment, College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China 
Key words:vacuum drying  temperature  Vitamin  low pressure superheated steam drying  green turnip slice
Abstract:Low pressure superheated steam drying is an innovative drying technology by utilizing steam beyond its boiling point as a drying medium in a dryer to remove excess water from the material. Low pressure superheated steam drying is commonly used for drying of heat sensitive products or to prevent degradation of volatile components and micronutrients (such as ascorbic acid and β-carotene). Compared with traditional drying methods, low pressure superheated steam drying can preserve the nutrients in food material better during the drying process. However, only when drying temperature is above the inversion temperature, superheated steam drying has an advantage in drying efficiency. There is no constant rate drying period for food material drying in low pressure superheated steam and whether there is an inversion temperature has not been reported in the literatures. Green turnip slice is rich in nutrients and has medicinal value, which is popular with consumers. Dried green turnip slice has been used as a resource of food seasoning and pickled food. In this paper, green turnip slice was selected as experimental material to study the inversion temperature based on the average drying rate of the first falling rate drying period and the whole drying period. Because the inversion temperature is usually higher, which may cause more loss of nutrients in the material during the drying process, the retention rates of vitamin C in the dried green turnip slices dried by the low pressure superheated steam and vacuum drying below and above the inversion temperature were investigated. Through analyzing the factors influencing the inversion temperature of green turnip slices, lower inversion temperature could be obtained and lower drying temperature for green turnip slice by low pressure superheated steam drying could be selected to reduce the damage of nutrients at high drying temperature. The results showed that there were 2 inversion temperatures based on the 2 drying rates, and the inversion temperature calculated by the whole drying stage was higher than that by the first falling rate drying period. The reason was that with the rise of drying temperature, the temperature difference changes between the material surface and the drying medium by low pressure superheated steam drying were larger than that by vacuum drying. Hence more heat was transferred to the material, and the drying rate was changed more significantly. According to the rehydration characteristics of the product, changes in the internal structure of the material affected moisture diffusion in the late drying period. Thus, the inversion temperature calculated by the whole drying stage was higher than that calculated by the first falling rate drying period. The inversion temperature calculated by the first falling rate drying period increased with the raise of drying pressure, and the influence of material diameter and thickness could be ignored. The inversion temperature calculated by the whole drying period increased with the raise of drying pressure and material thickness, while the influence of material diameter could be ignored. A lower inversion temperature could be obtained by reducing the drying pressure and the thickness of the material within the allowable range of the equipment and material. When the drying temperature was above the inversion temperature, low pressure superheated steam drying had not only a higher drying efficiency than vacuum drying, but also a higher vitamin C retention rate.
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