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张明,高超,尹爱经,鲍征宇,陈国光,梁晓红,雍太健,朱意萍,周墨.滩涂区不同围垦年限土壤总盐及盐基离子含量变化规律[J].农业工程学报,2018,34(1):118-126.DOI:10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.01.016
滩涂区不同围垦年限土壤总盐及盐基离子含量变化规律
投稿时间:2017-03-16  修订日期:2016-12-08
中文关键词:  土壤  盐分  土地利用  滩涂  盐基离子  围垦  大丰
基金项目:国土资源大调查项目(1212011220053)
作者单位
张明 1.中国地质大学(武汉)地球科学学院武汉 4300742.中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心南京 210016 
高超 3.南京大学地理与海洋学院南京 210023 
尹爱经 4. 江苏省农业科学院南京 210014 
鲍征宇 1.中国地质大学(武汉)地球科学学院武汉 430074 
陈国光 2.中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心南京 210016 
梁晓红 2.中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心南京 210016 
雍太健 2.中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心南京 210016 
朱意萍 2.中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心南京 210016 
周墨 2.中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心南京 210016 
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中文摘要:为了研究江苏沿海百年尺度滩涂围垦区土壤含盐量、Cl?、SO42?、HCO3?、Na+、K+、Ca2+、Mg2+等盐基离子变化规律及影响因素,采用了数量统计、相关分析、因子分析等方法对大丰典型滩涂5个不同时段围垦区表层土壤含盐量、Cl?、SO42?、HCO3?、Na+、K+、Ca2+、Mg2+等盐基离子的含量变化、相关关系、盐渍化特征及土壤理化性质对脱盐的影响进行了研究。研究结果显示:随着围垦年限增加土壤含盐量及盐基离子含量逐渐降低,围垦到60 a左右土壤含量平均值低于1g/kg,基本完成脱盐过程,并且盐渍化类型以氯化物型为主转变成以硫酸盐型为主;随着脱盐过程进行,盐基离子之间相关关系和组合特征发生了明显变化,从初期以Cl?、Na+作为主控因子,到围垦后期以SO42?、Ca2+为主控因子;土壤有机质和粉砂粒的增加加速了土壤脱盐进程;盐基离子变化是围垦过程中土壤酸碱度变化驱动因素之一。
Zhang Ming,Gao Chao,Yin Aijing,Bao Zhengyu1,Chen Guoguang,,Liang Xiaohong,Yong Taijian,Zhu Yiping,Zhou Mo.Variation in soil total salt and base ions content of tidal-flat reclamation with different years[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE),2018,34(1):118-126.DOI:10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.01.016
Variation in soil total salt and base ions content of tidal-flat reclamation with different years
Author NameAffiliation
Zhang Ming 1. School of Earth Sciences, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China
2. Nanjing Geological Survey Canter, China Geological Survey, Nanjing 20016, China 
Gao Chao 3. Geographic and Dceanor phie Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
 
Yin Aijing 4. Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China 
Bao Zhengyu1 1. School of Earth Sciences, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China
 
Chen Guoguang, 2. Nanjing Geological Survey Canter, China Geological Survey, Nanjing 20016, China
 
Liang Xiaohong 2. Nanjing Geological Survey Canter, China Geological Survey, Nanjing 20016, China
 
Yong Taijian 2. Nanjing Geological Survey Canter, China Geological Survey, Nanjing 20016, China
 
Zhu Yiping 2. Nanjing Geological Survey Canter, China Geological Survey, Nanjing 20016, China
 
Zhou Mo 2. Nanjing Geological Survey Canter, China Geological Survey, Nanjing 20016, China
 
Key words:soils  salts  landuse  tidal flat area  base ions  reclamation  Dafeng city
Abstract: China has an extensive coastline and a large area of intertidal zone, which is one of the important reserved land resources. Jiangsu province has the most abundant resources of intertidal land in China, accounting for 1/4 of the total intertidal land in China. However, salinization of the low beaches along the North of Jiangsu province is one of the main obstacles that restrict the development and utilization of intertidal land. Therefore, it is great significance to find out the current status of the saline alkali and the composition of the salt base ions in the reclamation area. The tidal flats and reclaimed area in the eastern of Dafeng city was chosen as the study area of this work. The study area was divided into five zones according to historical maps and interpretation results of remote sensing. The areas that had been reclaimed for 90 years , 60 years, 30 years and 10 years were designated as zone V, zone Ⅳ, zone Ⅲ, and zone Ⅱ, respectively. The tidal flat was zone I. The total area of the five zones is about 1600 km2, with a length of 56 km in north-south direction and a width of 19 to 38 km in latitudinal direction. 241 samples (0~20 cm) were collected from the surface of the five zones, 60 of which were from the tidal flat sediments. Sample sites were chosen uniformly from the five zones, and any zone has no less than 40 samples. The samples included farmland soil, fish farm sediment, tidal flat sediment and wasteland soil. We adopt quantity statistics, correlation analysis, factor analysis and other methods to understand the salinity of surface soil, the change rule and influencing factors of their salt base ions in coastal reclamation area of Jiangsu for the recent 100 years. The research ascertained the soil salinity, the content change and correlation of Cl-, SO42-, HCO3-, Na+, K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+, salinization characteristics and soil physical and chemical properties on desalination, indicating that, with increase of reclamation duration, the content of soil salinity and base ion reduced. The average soil salinity in the reclamation area was lower than 1 g/kg in 1960s, meaning that the desalination process was almost finished and the major salinization changed from type chloride into type sulfate. With the processing of desalination, the correlation between base ions and combination features changed dramatically. The main control factors, such as Cl- and Na+, at the beginning were replaced with SO42-, Ca2 + by the late period of reclamation. During the reclamation process, the variation of soil physicochemical properties has influenc on the changes of inorganic salt and salt base ions. The desalination was accelerated with the increase of soil organic matter and silt proportion, as well as the decease of sand and clay grains. The lands with different types of utilization have different desalination speed. Farm land and fish pond, which need fertilization, cultivation and irrigation, have higher speed of the desalination process. In the reclamation process, the salt base ions keep a close relationship with the soil pH, and the variation is a driving factor to change the soil pH value. Soil conductivity is related with salt content and salt base ions, so that the soil salinity can be estimated by measuring the soil conductivity of the coastal areas.
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