超时时间已到。超时时间已到,但是尚未从池中获取连接。出现这种情况可能是因为所有池连接均在使用,并且达到了最大池大小。 四种入渗模型对斥水土壤入渗规律的适用性-Applicability of four infiltration models to infiltration characteristics of water repellent soils 欢迎访问农业工程学报编辑部网站!
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刘春成,李 毅,任 鑫,马孝义.四种入渗模型对斥水土壤入渗规律的适用性[J].农业工程学报,2011,27(5):62-67.DOI:
四种入渗模型对斥水土壤入渗规律的适用性
投稿时间:2010-09-21  修订日期:2011-02-16
中文关键词:  土壤,入渗,模型,斥水性,累积入渗量
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(50709028);西北农林科技大学基本科研业务费专项资金(QN2009087)
作者单位
刘春成 西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院 教育部农业水土工程重点实验室杨凌 712100 
李 毅 西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院 教育部农业水土工程重点实验室杨凌 712100 
任 鑫 西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院 教育部农业水土工程重点实验室杨凌 712100 
马孝义 西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院 教育部农业水土工程重点实验室杨凌 712100 
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中文摘要:土壤斥水性影响入渗,进而影响作物产量。国外学者进行了一定的研究,但在中国研究的还很少。该文基于实测资料探讨几种常规的入渗模型在斥水土壤中的适用性。采用室内土柱进行积水入渗试验,对比了不同积水高度和斥水度条件下的土壤入渗规律,并采用4种模型分析了土壤入渗率变化特征。结果表明,累积入渗量随入渗历时的变化可用幂函数描述,不斥水土壤累积入渗量明显大于斥水土壤;累积入渗量与湿润锋推进距离呈良好的线性关系;利用Green-Ampt模型、Philip模型、Kostiakov公式和指数公式对入渗率与入渗历时间的关系进行拟合,其中Kostiakov公式更接近于实测值,其他模型拟合效果因斥水程度等因素的不同而异。
Liu Chuncheng,Li Yi,Ren Xin,Ma Xiaoyi.Applicability of four infiltration models to infiltration characteristics of water repellent soils[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE),2011,27(5):62-67.DOI:
Applicability of four infiltration models to infiltration characteristics of water repellent soils
Author NameAffiliation
Liu Chuncheng  
Li Yi  
Ren Xin  
Ma Xiaoyi  
Key words:soils, infiltration, models, water repellency, cumulative infiltration
Abstract:Soil?water?repellency?has?great?influence?on?soil?infiltration, thereby?affecting?crop?yields. Foreign scholars have conducted some related researches before, but the research is still limited in China. This work discussed the adaptability of four infiltration models in infiltration characteristics of water repellent soils based on laboratory experiment data. Indoor soil column experiments were used to carry out the experiment of ponding infiltration to compare infiltration laws of soils in different ponding depths and repellency degree. Four models were used to analyze the characteristics of the soil infiltration rates. Results showed that the change of cumulative infiltration volume with the change of time can be expressed by power function, the amount of cumulative infiltration of wettable soil was obviously more than that of the water repellent soil. There was good linear relationship between the amount of cumulative infiltration and the wetting front distance. Green-Ampt model, Philip model, Kostiakov equation were used to simulate infiltration rate. Kostiakov equation had the best results and other models had different results for infiltration rates of different repellency soils. The infiltration ability of repel soil was obviously slower than that of the wettable soil.
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