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于国强,李占斌,李 鹏,张 霞,邹兵华,赵洪彬.黄土高原小流域重力侵蚀数值模拟[J].农业工程学报,2009,25(12):74-79.DOI:
黄土高原小流域重力侵蚀数值模拟
投稿时间:2008-11-06  修订日期:2009-03-23
中文关键词:  侵蚀,建模,地貌,小流域
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2007CB407206);国家科技支撑项目(2006BAD09B02);国家科学自然基金项目(40771124);西安理工大学优秀博士学位论文基金(106-210911)联合资助
作者单位
于国强 1. 西安理工大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室西安 710048 
李占斌 1.西安理工大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室西安 710048 2.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室杨凌 712100 
李 鹏 1. 西安理工大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室西安 710048 
张 霞 3. 陕西省环境科学研究设计院西安 710061 
邹兵华 1. 西安理工大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室西安 710048 
赵洪彬 4. 西南交通大学土木工程学院成都 610031 
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中文摘要:为研究黄土高原小流域重力侵蚀机理,采用fish语言编写多层复杂地形建模的前处理程序,对多层复杂地形建模进行了二次开发。从力学稳定性角度,采用有限差分FLAC3D软件对黄土高原小流域概化模型进行重力侵蚀机理研究,分析了流域重力侵蚀的发育过程,并对小流域位移场和应力场进行了数值模拟。结果表明:建立的三维模型能真实地表现小流域地形、地貌,仿真效果良好。小流域重力侵蚀过程分为发育期、成熟期和稳定期3个阶段,沟头溯源区是小流域侵蚀最强烈的部位;凹形的边坡整体几何形态利于边坡稳定,减缓了重力侵蚀的发生程度。建模方法和数值模拟结果可应用到重力侵蚀研究中,为推动流域侵蚀产沙时空规律研究的深入发展和小流域水土流失综合治理以及生态环境建设提供科学依据。
Yu Guoqiang,Li Zhanbin,Li Peng,Zhang Xia,Zou Binghua,Zhao Hongbin.Numerical simulation on gravitational erosion of small watershed system in Loess Plateau[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE),2009,25(12):74-79.DOI:
Numerical simulation on gravitational erosion of small watershed system in Loess Plateau
Author NameAffiliation
Yu Guoqiang 1. Northwest Key Laboratory of Water Resource and Environment Ecology, Ministry of Education, Xi’an University of Techonology, Xi’an 710048, China 
Li Zhanbin 1. Northwest Key Laboratory of Water Resource and Environment Ecology, Ministry of Education, Xi’an University of Techonology, Xi’an 710048, China
2. State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling 712100, China 
Li Peng 1. Northwest Key Laboratory of Water Resource and Environment Ecology, Ministry of Education, Xi’an University of Techonology, Xi’an 710048, China 
Zhang Xia 3. Research and Design Institute of Environmental Science of Shaanxi Province, Xi’an 710061, China 
Zou Binghua 1. Northwest Key Laboratory of Water Resource and Environment Ecology, Ministry of Education, Xi’an University of Techonology, Xi’an 710048, China 
Zhao Hongbin 4. School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China 
Key words:erosion, modeling, geomorphology, small watershed
Abstract:To study the mechanism of gravitational erosion, pre-treatment program for modeling of complex multilayered terrain using fish language was compiled and the modeling was developed secondly. The finite difference software Flac3D was used to study the mechanism of gravitational erosion, to analyze the development process of gravitational erosion, and to numerical simulate on displacement field and stress field of small watershed in Loess Plateau concerning on the mechanical stabilization. The results showed that the three-dimensional model established could factually demonstrate topography and geomorphology of the small watershed and had good simulation effectiveness. The process of gravitational erosion was divided into three stages, the development stage, maturity stage and stable stage. Gravitational erosion of the traceability area was the most serious; the geometric shape of concave slope conductived to the stability that slowing down the occurrence degree of gravitational erosion. The modeling method and numerical simulation results could be applied to study gravitational erosion that offer scientific basis for the deeply promoting the development of erosion and sediment yield time-space law and comprehensive controlling soil erosion of small watershed and constructing the ecological environment.
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