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赵勇钢,赵世伟,曹丽花,梁向锋.半干旱典型草原区退耕地土壤结构特征及其对入渗的影响[J].农业工程学报,2008,24(6):14-20.DOI:
半干旱典型草原区退耕地土壤结构特征及其对入渗的影响
投稿时间:2007-02-08  修订日期:2008-06-10
中文关键词:  退耕地  土壤结构特征  雨强  入渗
基金项目:国家“十一五”科技支撑计划半干旱黄土丘陵区退化生态系统综合管理技术和模式(2006BCA01A 07);黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室基金资助项目(10501-152)
作者单位
赵勇钢 西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室杨凌 712100 2.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所杨凌 712100 3.中国科学院研究生院北京 100049 
赵世伟 1.西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室杨凌 712100 2.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所杨凌 712100 
曹丽花 西藏大学农牧学院资源与环境学院林芝 860000 
梁向锋 中国科学院研究生院北京 100049 
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中文摘要:坡地土壤降雨入渗、径流和侵蚀过程与土壤结构密切相关。试验样地为宁夏固原云雾山自然保护区的坡耕地、退耕6 a、退耕11 a(前8 a放牧,后3 a禁牧)和退耕16 a坡地,室内测定土壤结构指标,野外采用基于径流-入流-产流方法的新型降雨仪器在17、43和56 mm/h雨强下观测坡地土壤的入渗性能,分析土壤结构特征对入渗的影响。对土壤结构的稳定性指标、孔隙性指标和分形维数指标进行分析,结果表明,随着退耕年限的延长,土壤团聚体稳定性增强,土壤结构孔隙状况得到明显改善。模拟降雨结果显示,随着雨强的增大,退耕地的土壤入渗率增加,但坡耕地反而降低。退耕11 a样地受放牧牲畜践踏影响,入渗性能最差。通过逐步回归分析可知,在17 mm/h和56 mm/h雨强下,影响土壤稳定入渗率的土壤结构因子主要是容重和有机碳含量,而在43 mm/h雨强下主要是毛管孔隙度和非毛管孔隙度。土壤有机碳含量和孔隙状况的差异致使土壤结构特征不同,从而对入渗性能和过程产生明显的影响。
.Soil structural characteristics and its effect on infiltration on abandoned lands in semi-arid typical grassland areas[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE),2008,24(6):14-20.DOI:
Soil structural characteristics and its effect on infiltration on abandoned lands in semi-arid typical grassland areas
Author NameAffiliation
  
  
  
  
Key words:abandoned land  soil structural characteristic  rain intensity  infiltration
Abstract:Soil rainfall infiltration, runoff and erosion are closely correlated with soil structure. Based on a new simulated rainfall method (run off-on-out method) and apparatus soil infiltration on abandoned slope lands of Yunwu Mountain in Guyuan of Ningxia were measured. The experiments were operated on slope farmland, 6 years, 11 years (graze 8 years and enclose 3 years) and 16 years abandoned lands under 17 mm/h, 43 mm/h, 56 mm/h rainfall intensities. Soil structural indices were determined in laboratory and evaluated the effects of soil structural characteristics on infiltration capability. Soil structural stability indices, pore indices and fractal indices indicated that as the years of abandoned lands increased, soil aggregate stability and porosity were significantly increased. With increasing simulated rainfall intensity, soil infiltration rates under abandoned lands increased while decreased under slope farmland. Top layer of 11 years abandoned land tightened by grazing had poor infiltration capability. By step-regression analysis soil steady infiltration rates under 17 mm/h and 56 mm/h rain intensities were mainly effected by bulk density and soil organic carbon content, and by capillary porosity under 43 mm/h rain intensity. Overall, the results indicated that soil structural characteristics controlled by soil organic carbon contents and pore characteristics largely influenced soil infiltration capability and processes.
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