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脱云飞,费良军,杨路华,杜新艳.基于SPAC系统的作物腾发量模型的试验研究[J].农业工程学报,2008,24(1):29-34.DOI:
基于SPAC系统的作物腾发量模型的试验研究
投稿时间:2006-11-29  修订日期:2007-09-29
中文关键词:  冠层温度  能量平衡  作物腾发量  计算模型  模型验证
基金项目:国家粮食丰产科技工程项目(2004BA520A07—07—03);国家自然科学基金项目(50579064)资助
作者单位
脱云飞 (1976-)甘肃泾川人博士生主要从事水文水资源方面研究。西安 西安理工大学水资源研究所748信箱710048。Email: tuoyunfei@eyou.com 
费良军 西安理工大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室西安 710048 
杨路华 河北农业大学城乡建设学院保定 071001 
杜新艳 河北工程大学水电学院邯郸 056021 
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中文摘要:通过田间试验对河北省2004年和2005年棉花、冬小麦和夏玉米不同生育期的冠层温度、地表温度和叶面积指数进行测定,根据能量平衡方程和空气动力学方程,结合当地气象资料推导出作物腾发量模型,并与棉花、冬小麦和夏玉米不同生育期实际腾发量比较发现:作物腾发量模型计算值不仅反映了这3种作物不同生育期腾发量的变化规律,而且与实际腾发量平均值的相对误差2004年分别为8.46%、4.76%和12.85%,2005年分别为3.42%、1.65%和0.84%,因此可以利用作物腾发量模型来计算作物腾发量,该研究为监测土壤墒情和确定作物缺水指标提供了理论依据。
Tuo Yunfei,Fei Liangjun,Yang Luhua,Du Xinyan.Experimental study on crop evaportranspiration model based on SPAC system[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE),2008,24(1):29-34.DOI:
Experimental study on crop evaportranspiration model based on SPAC system
Author NameAffiliation
Tuo Yunfei Key Lab of Northwest Water Resources and Environment Ecology of MOE, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China 
Fei Liangjun Key Lab of Northwest Water Resources and Environment Ecology of MOE, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China 
Yang Luhua College of Urban and Rural Construction, Agricultural University of Hebei,Baoding 071001,China 
Du Xinyan College of Hydraulics and Electric Power, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan 056021,China 
Key words:canopy temperature  energy balance  crop evaportranspiration  calculating model  model validation
Abstract:The canopy temperature, land surface temperature and leaf area index of cotton, winter wheat and summer corn in different growth periods were determined basing on the field experiment in the year of 2004 and 2005. The model of crop evaportranspiration was established on the foundation of the local meteorological data, energy balance equation and aerodynamic equation, and calculated values of the crop evapotranspiration model were compared with actual evapotranspiration of cotton, winter wheat and summer corn in different growth speriods. The results show that the calculating values of the crop evaportranspiration model not only indicate the variation rule of these three kinds of crop evaportranspiration in different growth periods, but also indicate relatively error of the average values between calculating value and actual evapotranspiration with 8.46%, 4.76% and 12.85% in 2004 respectively; 3.42%, 1.65% and 0.84% in 2005 respectively. So the model of crop evaportranspiration can be used to calculate crop evaportranspiration, and it also provides the theoretical foundation for monitoring the soil moisture and calculating the crop water stress index.
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