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王为,李小昱,张军,刘泉,雷廷武.基于电导式传感器径流流速测量系统的试验研究[J].农业工程学报,2007,23(2):1-5.DOI:
基于电导式传感器径流流速测量系统的试验研究
投稿时间:2006-06-29  修订日期:2006-12-31
中文关键词:  径流流速  电导式传感器  相关流速  LabVIEW
基金项目:中国科学院、水利部水土保持研究所黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室基金项目(10501-92)
作者单位
王为 高级工程师主要从事智能化检测与控制技术方面的研究。武汉华中农业大学工程技术学院430070。Email:wangwei@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
李小昱 华中农业大学工程技术学院武汉 430070黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所杨凌 712100 
张军 华中农业大学工程技术学院武汉 430070 
刘泉 华中农业大学工程技术学院武汉 430070 
雷廷武 黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所杨凌 712100中国农业大学水利与土木工程学院北京 100080 
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中文摘要:在土壤侵蚀和水土流失研究中,坡面径流流速是径流计算、土壤侵蚀预报中不可缺少的水动力参数,目前尚无广泛应用的径流流速测量仪,研究快速的径流流速测量具有重要意义。该文基于互相关理论,建立了基于虚拟仪器Lab VIEW的径流流速的测量系统,并采用自制的电导式传感器,研究了两传感器间距对测量系统的影响,测量了5个泥沙含量水平下的径流流速。结果表明:测量系统适用的泥沙含量范围为0~250 kg/m3,测量误差为4.5%;若以染料示踪法测量的流速作为标准值进行修正,修正后的测量误差为3.81%。
Wang Wei,Li Xiaoyu,Zhang Jun,Liu Quan,Lei Tingwu.Experimental study on measurement system of runoff velocity based on conductance sensor[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE),2007,23(2):1-5.DOI:
Experimental study on measurement system of runoff velocity based on conductance sensor
Author NameAffiliation
Wang Wei College of Engineering and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China 
Li Xiaoyu College of Engineering and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling 712100, China 
Zhang Jun College of Engineering and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China 
Liu Quan College of Engineering and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China 
Lei Tingwu State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling 712100, ChinaCollege of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100080, China 
Key words:runoff velocity  conductance sensor  correlation velocity  LabVIEW
Abstract:In the research of the soil erosion and soil losses, the runoff velocity of slope is an indispensable hydrodynamic parameter in the runoff computation and the soil erosion forecast. There is still no special instrument which is widely used to measure runoff velocity. It is very significant to construct a fast measurement instrument on runoff velocity. On the basis of correlation theory, the runoff velocity measurement system was established based on virtual instrument LabVIEW. The system uses the conductance sensor to acquire signal. Effect of the space between conductance sensors on the measurement system and the runoff velocity under five sediment concentrations were studied. Results indicate that the suitable sediment concentration scope of the measurement system is 0~250 kg/m3 and the greatest relative error of the system is 4.5%. While taking the flow velocity measured by the dye tracer technique as standard value to correct the correlation velocity, the greatest relative error of the proved velocity reduces to 3.81%.
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